Bass on Bass

Monday, May 9, 2016

The Carbon Combustion Behemoth: Status of the Rebellion

    This man. Elon Musk is perhaps the most well known of the purveyors of hope for those of us wise enough to see that the behemoth of the collective carbon combustion power and fuels "industries" is dedicated to pursuit of a path certain to take life on our planet Earth as we know it into extinction. Most of his fellow illuminators of truth are the so far successful targets of silencing by that financially dominant "behemoth".
                                                                Tesla roadster

                                                                 Tesla Model S                       

                                                                 Tesla Powerwall

                                                                  Tesla Model 3

    The evidence of that Behemoth's influence is everywhere. A few years ago my local Ace Hardware store carried an array of cordless electric lawnmowers, albeit small and already then out of date technologically. Today they carry none! They are not alone. There are a few bright spots though none seem to be where any evidence of spreading wisdom on this subject would be indicated, the small franchise retailers of homeowner supplies and equipment.
    Some of the Big Box retailers like Menards and Home Depot carry some of the best options, if still in the minority of the variety of mowers etal they stock. 
    I live in La Grange Park, a very typical in lot size suburb of Chicago. My 7200 square feet lot, also quite typical of the area, once the space for the house, garage, shed, planting beds, driveway, patio and sidewalk pavement and hedges are deducted leaves approximately 2400-2500 square feet of lawn to mow. Many homeowners in the area have considerably less lawn area and a minority somewhat larger lawns.
    Every spring, summer and fall day in my neighborhood and others nearby, we residents are assaulted at various times of the day with the loud drone of commercial combustion mowers, trimmers and blowers of the several lawn services that many of our fellow residents have resorted to using vs the overcomplicated combustion equipment they used to employ to do the work themselves. 

    It's sad, really, as many of them might have found out how much simpler cordless electrics would have made their work and opted for that had the "behemoth" not so completely misinformed them.

Monday, April 11, 2016


     Many of you with breathing difficulties will recognize this Respironics Side Stream Plus nebulizer set. As an asthmatic I have experienced the use of other brands and models upon visits to physicians offices and ERs. As also a retired biomedical engineering tech, I get that this is the only one I'm aware of that doesn't waste the medication vapor constantly produced by the nebulizer to room air between inhalation and exhalation. The others are, literally wasteful! It's also the one I was originally supplied with for home use by Lincare. 

     Just behind the mouthpiece you can see the top of a silastic valve flapper that stays closed to room air except when the patient is inhaling. Also, on the top of the mouthpiece there is another silastic flapper valve that opens when the patient exhales. At exhalation the internal flapper is held closed. That is exactly how this set uniquely conserves the medicated vapor the nebulizer produces for patient inhalation only!

     Here's what mine looks like with their "Mini Elite" nebulizer pump. This one clearly has the battery for cordless operation installed to the underside of the pump. Mine has no battery attached.

     I'll be editing this post in the future with description and illustrations of how the pumps work as well as how the sets work. Here's a start:

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Lawn Mowing: The Combustion Free Future Is NOW

Mean Green's 48" Stalker stand on, zero degree turn commercial cordless electric mower 

     The age of combustion powered landscape maintenance equipment both for homeowners and commercial operators is ending. The age of rechargeable battery powered equipment has arrived, at all levels. There are even cordless electric small farm tractors on the market now. All of the time and money drain to deal with combustion engine startup, ongoing maintenance of complicated motor design and fuel handling  are becoming complete non issues for lawn, landscape and even some farm maintenance equipment. 

A small sample of what's available for homeowners

    I'll limit this discussion almost completely to mowing equipment, starting with homeowner grade mowers. The options for them have almost literally exploded. The market for cordless electric mowers is nothing like what it was 12 years ago when I bought my 14" Neuton EM 4.1 with it's in use replaceable 24volt sealed lead acid battery packs. 

    Note the plural. I, as do all wise owners of them, maintain a spare (2 in my case) battery pack to accomodate the reality that mowing workload varies as much as the weather. Also the nature of most rechargeable batteries is that they require routine drain to nominal fully discharged state with each use /charge cycle to maximize per charge runtime and overall battery lifespan. Owners need to be ready to swap in a spare whenever that occurs mid use. It's just like having that can of gas around for the same purpose with gasoline powered mowers.

    That Neuton of mine was pretty much the only one of it's kind on the market when I bought it. I wasn't able to find ANY other with in use replaceable battery packs at that time. I think both Black and Decker and Toro had SLA battery powered rotary mowers but both machines required significant disassembly to replace the battery pack. Both of those same models are still on the market. Toro's is the only battery powered mower they sell. Black and  Decker now offers in use removeable SLA battery models and a lithium ion battery model. Their in use replaceable SLA battery model has been around for just a few years less than I've owned my Neuton.

    The image at the top of this post is of one of an array of fully commercial grade mower options offered by Mean Green Products.  They offer complete crew equipment packages which include one or more large swath walk behind or riding mowers, a 20" push mower, hand held trimmer and blower (both use the same backpack carried battery pack), all required battery chargers and a fully enclosed trailer all wired up with outlets for charging the all lithium polymer battery powered equipment's battery packs.

I became aware of Mean Green via the photo of  Eco-Lectric Landscaping Service's array of equipment which cycles up on the top of their home page. Their owner, Josh Flowers, was featured in the following video promoting Greenworks Pro 80 volt mower

    The comparable Mean Green 20" mower costs several times the price of the Greenworks 80 volt model, part of an array of same battery pack powered yard equipment which among others includes a 20" single stage snow blower. How about never handling gas or pull starts in the "dead" of winter to blow snow? Greenworks also makes a more extensive array of same battery pack powered 40 volt equipment, their G-Max lineup.
    All that lithium battery powered stuff aside, there is still something to be said for the old (or new) SLA battery powered equipment. SO FAR, there isn't any standard, easy way to renew / reload lithium ion battery packs with new batteries like there is for SLA(sealed lead acid) battery packs. 

    The cost of reload can be more than 50% less than purchase of a replacement SLA battery pack. I can complete the reload of any of my Neuton 24v packs with a pair of new, standard, 12v, 10 AH batteries in about 10 minutes using one simple tool. I'd never waste my time with 12v 9AH batteries like the guy in the video though. I've seen the 12v 10AH batteries on sale for as little as $18 each. The Neuton packs that use them cost $89-109 depending on whether they're on special or not. All the SLA packs I'm aware of incorporate industry standard 12v SLA batteries and therefor offer that reload possibility.

   The final proof of the maturity of battery powered landscape maintenance equipment is clearly shown in this video about the Sol Trac battery powered tractor. It appears it's Power Take Off is capable of operating standard PTO powered equipment such as ganged mower rigs, large roto-tillers etc.

Monday, October 13, 2014

Small snow blowers: Be happy, Go cordless electric

Well, they’re here! Rather “they” are coming to stores near some of you later this month. “They” are cordless electric single stage small snow blowers. The only 2 single stage “chute equipped” cordless electrics “on the market” are the Snow Joe 18” Ion 40v and the Ryobi 20” 40v model. The snow Joe has been around ~ 1 year already and most reviews are strongly positive. This year’s production of them arrives at retailers for customer purchase ~the 20th of this month. The Ryobi is completely new to the marketplace this year and is slated to be available for customer purchase ~ the 18th of this month. Both use their own “flavor” of similarly “in use replaceable” 40v lithium ion battery packs.

Snow Joe 40v "Ion" 

In truth there’s been a cordless electric snow blower around for some years now. However it is, or was, a big 24” 2 stage machine with a totally not “in use replaceable”, very heavy 24v sealed lead acid battery pack. It was the Ariens Amp 24 prices between $1500 and $2100. It “was” because all indications are that Ariens has discontinued it.

I have been intermittently waging a sort of on-line campaign to get makers of various existing cordless electric yard equipment to bring to market the like of the “new” snow blowers this article is about for some time now. It is my very firm belief that the future of all power yard equipment for relatively small yard homeowners lies inevitably with cordless electric power. I think gasoline power will eventually, possible in as little as a few years, all but  disappear from that sub-market of yard equipment. The release of the Snow Joe Ion model last year raised hope that other cordless electric equipment makers might follow suit. I even received a reply some months ago from a maker which suggested likely release this winter season of one. Unfortunately, they have yet to do so. There is the Ryobi now though.

Well, on to the business of which has the better of which features (caveat herein is that neither I nor any prospective buyer I’m aware of has yet had hands on with both machines):

1)     The drive system:
A)They both use 40v brushless DC motors and belt drive of the augers, 180 degree chute rotation, vertical chute discharge angle adjustability and “bite” height of 10”.
B)They differ in bite width.  The Ryobi has a 20” swath scoop and “maybe” auger size and the Snow Joe’s 18”. I have to admit, not having hands on experience with either, I can’t know how the 2 size factors relate in either. My impression from photos is that their actual auger size may be somewhat closer to one another than 2”.
C)Their auger designs differ more dramatically, though. The overall auger shapes are not very different but the Ryobi appears to be of single plastic piece, probably secured to a steel central shaft. Whereas the Snow Joe’s is a steel structure onto which tire casing type material blades are bolt clamped. The Ryobi might be able to clear ~10% more ground per pass but my impression is that the actual auger of the Snow Joe is likely to be more durable and is certainly more easily repaired.
D)Their discharge chute rotation methods differ quite a bit. The Ryobi’s chute rotation mechanism is a very direct lever action shaft running from near the user grip zone of the handle into the body of the business end of the blower. The Snoe Joes is “joy stick” controlled electric, motor driven via a separate motor in the main body of the blower. It’s likely a simple momentary double throw toggle switch, switching the polarity of that motor’s power back and forth, but “joystick” is a better way to describe it for marketing. By a simple degree of complexity criteria, the Ryobi’s chute rotation mechanism would appear likely to be more reliable. If either a motor or wiring fault occurs with the Snow Joe’s rotation, it could be useless for some time. 

2)      The Battery systems:
Both use 4o volt Lithium Ion battery packs which "slide" into their respective holders on the machines via guide grooves and both have thumb operated spring loaded latches on the packs to lock them in place. Both battery systems incorporate dimple switch activated progressive LED charge state indicators on the ends of the battery packs. Both makers' battery packs attach to the separate chargers in essentially the same way they connect to the snow blowers, minus the fully enclosing chambers. 
A) The Snow Joe's battery pack is a 4AH (160WH) battery which reportedly goes from on battery indicated full discharge to fully charged via the provided charger in ~2 hours. Only one battery pack is included with the Snow Joe Ion snow blower purchase though spare or replacement packs are available for separate purchase. 

   B) The Ryobi comes with 2 each, 40 v 2.4 AH (96WH) battery packs which in serial use would provide a total of 192WH  of energy supply. Of course that requires swapping out one for the other in the middle of a use session. Ryobi's battery packs can reportedly charge from full 
discharge (indicator defined) to fully charged in 90 min. The separate charger supplied can only accommodate one battery pack at a time so purchase of a second charger may be advisable.
C)  The 2 snow blowers situate the in use battery compartment differently. The Ryobi's battery chamber is part of the main body assembly of the snow blower whereas the Snow Joe's battery chamber is located on a special bridge assembly on the handle close to the main body. Both employ a flip closed cover protecting the chamber and battery pack. 

   3) One other difference is in their respective means of fold up for storage or transport. Each one accommodates it but the Ryobi requires disconnect of the hitch pin secured link between the 2 pieces of it's manual chute rotation lever rod in order to fold down the handle. With the Snow Joe one simply releases the lever locks on either side of the middle of the handle assembly to enable fold over. Both have a convenient carry handle on the main body of the blower. 

    My personal preference is for the Snow Joe. That is based on more time on the market, the dramatically positive nature of all but a very few of many reviews and the assessment of a friend who has owned one for a year and loves it. Also the design of the auger just seems more robust than that of the Ryobi and Snow Joe has been making corded electric snow blowers for years.

  So, pitch that gas can, abandon all need for motor maintenance, forget ever coming in from snow removal smelling of gasoline, eliminate all pull starts and, if you've done all that by using a corded electric already, CUT THE CORD and get one of these cordless electrics for your small snow blower requirement!

 Where? Both are available at least from Home Depot (See links in para. 1) or direct from their makers on-line(Ryobi,,,Snow Joe). As to locally, I was only able to see preparations to market the Ryobi at  my local Home Depot. Neither this year's supply of Snow Joe's nor the Ryobi's are due to be available for purchase before the 18th -20th of this month(Oct.). I am not aware of any retailer source other  than Home depot for the Ryobi but the Snow Joe is available on-line through a couple of other retail outlets.

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

ECO SLICE: appearing in a store near you in 2015?

Well it’s happened. A few weeks ago the USPTO published the utility patent application for my “Improved rotary mower blade" design concept. Now the REAL work begins, the kind I’m totally inexperienced at. That’s actually getting a mower maker to purchase the licensing rights to get it into the marketplace. Here’s the page 1 abstract from the published application and a photo of the prototype made from a standard Neuton 14” blade next to another unmodified blade. 

Months ago I applied for a trademark for this logo my graphic artist son Geoffrey and I came up with.

Part of that REAL work is coming up with some empirical test data on the comparison in performance, Eco Slice modified vs standard Neuton 14” blade. I intend to modify a battery pack for my Neuton EM 4.1 such that a logging meter measuring current, voltage and wattage can be connected in series / parallel arrangement with it in use. Here's an image of another example of the type of meter needed.

We’ll test with the Eco Slice and the standard blades alternately, running the mower through as near to identical patches of grass as possible, video recording the whole thing. Heretofore I’ve only performed the test subjectively comparing relative audible motor pitch which of course resulted in a higher more consistent pitch with the Eco Slice blade as the mower was pushed faster through thick grass.
We'll see if my estimate of between 10% and 40% energy consumption savings is valid. 
Wish me luck?

Saturday, January 18, 2014

Homeowner mowers: a quantum leap

 I am particularly lucky to be living at this time in history. Being one who is interested in the mechanics of lawn mowing, I doubt I could have lived in a better time. We are experiencing the convergence of commonality of formal lawns and the emergence of technology that offers a quantum leap in energy efficiency for the machines used to manicure those lawns. That quantum leap in technology includes both enormous leaps in DC electric motor designs and similar leaps in rechargeable battery designs. At the same time I have been gifted the experience and insight necessary to introduce a major improvement in rotary blade design that can amplify the impact of those 2 major leaps in power mowing technology.
The simple fact is that is that per reasonable standards for both user convenience and efficiency of conversion of stored energy to accomplished mowing, for the average homeowner mower operator, the best of current cordless electric mowers are superior beyond comparison to the best of current gasoline powered mowers. 

Above is the current version of the cordless electric mower I have been using for over a decade, has just now begun to show the first signs of need for ANY motor maintenance, and is the platform on which the first, not quite perfect prototype of my new blade design showed it's superiority. It's the Neuton CE5 14" cordless electric mower with 24v SLA battery pack. Below is what I consider the epitome of the "cutting edge" of available cordless electric mowers. It Is the Greenworks G-Max Twin Force 20" twin blade 40v Lithium Ion battery powered mower.

Previous to it's introduction what I considered the latest and greatest was the Recharge Mowers Ultralite, seen below. 
 The state of the art in power systems clearly lies in Lithium Ion battery power.  
The state of the art in blade technology is about to change. That is if the makers of these wonderful machines have the wisdom to license the blade design I am in the process of patenting. Tentatively I am calling it the Eco-Slice Blade Concept (patent and website pending).

Wednesday, October 2, 2013

My Own "Broken Arrow" Event

     This 17 year old movie has a title "Broken Arrow" that brings back memories of my Air Force Reserve days. I served in the AFRES hospital squadron assigned to Earling Bergquist Regional Air Force Hospital, adjacent to the base family housing just outside Offutt Air Force Base. The term "Broken Arrow" has for as far back as I'm aware of been the official term for the event of the loss of a nuclear weapon or the crash of a nuke carrying aircraft.  
     The disaster exercise during my last summer two week duty there was a simulated "Broken Arrow". Obviously, since it was 1975, the supposed downed aircraft in the exercise was one of the strategic nuke carrying B-52s that flew out of Offutt AFB, not the supposed B-3 in the movie (not yet existing, only B-2 stealth bombers exist today). 
     That was the first time I actually saw a tornado. I was manning the radio base station in the hospital's conference room. A severe weather alert brought the exercise to an early close. Just as we were wrapping it up a tornado warning was issued, a real disaster event. 
     As I was disconnecting the radio base station to move it to a basement office near where all staff and patients were evacuated to, there it was in full view a few miles away out the conference. room window. It was, as they usually are, approaching from the southwest. It was white so it had yet to touch down.         
     Somehow I managed to get the radio disconnected, removed and hooked into it's alternate connection in that office. I had never before known of the existence of the alternate hook-up point so I surprised myself with the success. 
     We managed to direct all our personnel to safety. The tornado jumped directly over the hospital, touching down harmlessly in a field across the road from the hospital and base housing. We soon thereafter had everything and everyone back to normal operations.